India, Pakistan becomes full-time members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)
India and Pakistan are all set to play important role in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) through mutual security, political and economic cooperation among the member states. Both these countries are the latest states to become full-time members of SCO after more than a decade of Joining of Uzbekistan.
The Shanghai Five grouping was created on 26 April 1996 with the signing of the “Treaty on Deepening Military Trust in Border Regions” in Shanghai by the heads of states of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan.
Modi’s visit is particularly important because India, who was an observer state until now, will become a full member of the organization. “India will become a full member of the SCO upon which SCO will represent over 40 percent of humanity and nearly 20 percent of global GDP,” said the Indian Prime Minister in his pre-departure statement.
It is particularly important for India, as it will enable New Delhi to work closely with Central Asian countries as India is one of the largest energy consuming nation and Central Asian countries being abundant in natural and energy resources. Further, India can utilize the Central Asian countries as transit routes to Russia and China for trade purposes. All these were in line with the “Connect Central Asia Policy”.